The Habsburgs


Habsburgs in Spain and Austria

   The attention of Charles V was concentrated on Spanish affairs, and the confrontation with the French, and he could not spray it on the fight against the Turks, who after the Battle of Mohács occupied territory of modern Hungary, having moved to the northwest until Vienna. Aware of the difficulty of managing such a vast possessions, Carl Brussels Agreement in 1522 wrote to the hereditary (Austrian) land of the Hapsburgs Ferdinand's younger brother, who after the death of Charles succeeded him on the imperial throne. A year before the Brussels Agreement signed Ferdinand last great dynastic marriage in the history of the dynasty - the daughter of Vladislav II, on behalf of Anna, who brought the house of Habsburg two crowns - Bohemia, and Hungary. Their deduction was worth the descendants of Ferdinand and Anna a lot of time and energy, but during the XVII century, they managed to break the resistance of the Hungarians and Czechs who did not recognize hereditary royal dignity in these countries, and recognition of both crowns hereditary possessions of the Austrian Habsburgs.

   Spanish Habsburgs

   After the death of Charles V of its possessions in Spain, Italy and the Netherlands succeeded by his son, Philip II, went down in history as the chief patron of the Counter Reformation. Among the triumphs of his reign, listed as a dynastic marriage with the English Queen Mary Tudor, won by Juan of Austria (one of many Habsburg bastards) victory over the Turks at Lepanto (1571) and accession to the Spanish crown of Portugal with all its overseas possessions (1580). Religious fanaticism Philippe has created a reaction in the face of permanent conflict with the Protestant England (see the Invincible Armada) and the rebellion Netherlands provinces, ending loss of Habsburg territory of the modern Netherlands. Descendants of Philip, although the Crown retained the Spanish, and (until 1640) Portuguese no longer played a leading role in European and world history, in foreign affairs by relying on an alliance with the Austrian cousins. To avoid spraying the land Austrian and Spanish Habsburgs incessantly of marriage with each other (inbred), which is the beginning of XVIII century led to the degeneration of both groups. With the death of Charles II in 1700, the elder (Spanish) branch of the Habsburgs was extinguished, the Austrian same existed for forty years longer.